Breast milk needless to say is the absolute best milk for your baby during the first or 2 yrs but if this is not possible there are more alternatives; but which would you pick?
In days gone by, babies received watered down “carnation milk”, “condensed milk” or cow”s milk; some added “Pentavite” for vitamins, some did not. Research has revealed these are not the best selections for babies and may even do harm.
Today during 2010, we have been lucky enough to have infant formula which has been researched, modified and tested and continues to be researched to supply milk closest to living breast milk. It is actually commercially synthesised therefore it will never make it to the premium standard of natural breast milk but at least it must be a lot better than what our ancestors used.
Up until age of one year a child requires a baby formula for optimum digestion and nutrients.
There are many types and brands of milks listed beneath the age categories of starter (1), follow on (2) or toddler (3). ‘Starter’ and ‘Progress’ formulas are complete food substitutes but ‘toddler milk’ is like a vitamin in milk form rather than a food substitute. ‘Progress’ (2) formulas have added iron and nutrients for increased development and growth requirements however, if the ‘starter’ formula is better tolerated after 6 months and solid food continues to be introduced then it is not absolutely necessary to use.
Cow’s milk based infant formula – This is commercially modified cow’s milk to resemble breast milk and it is appropriate for most babies. It is far from suitable when babies use a cow milk protein allergy, lactose intolerance or have parents who want to stay away from animal based foods. Some milks have finally been further enhanced with added docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) Omega – 3 essential fatty acids and prebiotics and probiotics for more immunity and digestion. Scientific studies are ongoing for even further refinements.
Goat milk based infant formula – This commercially modified goat milk contains slightly less lactose than cow’s milk with all the protein much like cow’s milk but forms a softer non clustered curd. These facts can make goat milk formula simpler to digest for some babies. It is more rapidly digested therefore can be helpful to get a baby with reflux.
Soy based infant formula – This milk is commercially produced from the soya beans which may have similar protein content to cow’s milk. It includes lactose. During processing the protein is isolated without its cofactors required for digestion and metabolic process therefore is not a great choice for babies.
Lactose free infant formula (LF)- This milk is usually cow milk based and it has no lactose. This formula may help babies that suffer from excessive wind, explosive poos and unsettled sleep patterns as a result of lower bowel pain.
Anti Reflux infant formula (AR)- This may be a cow milk based formula that has been thickened using either carob bean gum or maltodextrin (enzymatically based on any starch but usually corn or wheat). This thickened milk is made for babies who have difficulty keeping milk down. Depending on the thickening agent used this milk may not appropriate for babies who are lactose or wheat intolerant.
Protein modified cow milk infant formula (HA)- In this milk the cow milk protein continues to be broken down to make it easier for babies to digest and it is an alternative milk for babies who may have a primary risk of dairy allergy. Usually do not use if a baby has already been in contact with dairy through breast milk or some other formula.
Protein free infant formula – An extensively hydrolysed 100% whey protein concentrate specialty formula for babies having a diagnosed dairy protein or soy allergy. Medical supervision is necessary for babies on this formula as well as in Australia is simply available by script.
Casein dominant or whey dominant infant formula -Whey and casein are definitely the proteins found in milk. Whey dominant formula is easily the most common on the market, is closest to breast milk and digested quicker than casein based. Very hungry babies are viewed to accomplish better on casein dominant formula.
After 12 months the gut of any baby is mature enough to progress onto cow’s milk or an alternative including rice milk, oat milk, soy milk, goat milk or toddler milk. These milks usually are not natural or organic but deciding on a what type to make use of is yours. Babies require full fat milk until a minimum of 2 years old.
Goat milk has a similar protein in a comparable quantity to cow’s milk but forms a softer, non clustered curd and possesses slightly less lactose, possibly making it simpler to digest. It really is more rapidly digested, therefore may be helpful for an infant with reflux or frequent positing. It is almost always not tolerated by those who have a cow milk protein allergy.
Cow milk is actually a nutrient dense food when ingested in its raw organic form (breast milk or unpasteurised milk) unfortunately vitamins and minerals are lost today using the pasteurisation and homogenisation process (heating it to make it better for us!) There is also a difference in milk created from relaxed cows grazing in open fields of grasses and flowers to a mass produced commercially fed cow located in overcrowded cement floor stalls. Milk just is not exactly the same milk as years past. Lactose free cow’s milk is additionally available.
Soya milk is made from soya beans and it has the equivalent quantity of protein to cow’s milk it is therefore not tolerated if allergic to cow milk protein. Studies have shown that processed soy can avoid the absorption of essential minerals and vitamins including calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. The commercial processing involved with isolating the protein in soya beans leaves the natural digestive and metabolism cofactors, deeming soya milk often hard to digest.
Rice milk is made of brown rice, has no lactose and it is usually fortified with minerals and vitamins, and is also higher in carbohydrate and lower in protein and calcium. An appropriate milk alternative when cow, goat and soy milks have to be avoided.
Oat milk is made of whole oats rendering it higher in fibre than other milks. It is almost always calcium fortified and naturally sweet.
Toddler milk is marketed for toddlers twelve months to 3 years. Yes, it has added nutrients and iron but when a toddler’s weight loss program is adequate then this milk is unnecessary. It can be useful for any poor eater because it increases iron drsdus their dietary plan which will increase their appetite as well as supplying a balanced level of nutrients. Usually do not give a lot more than the necessary milk intake since it is Not really a substitute to food.