T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to illustrate their products. The terms are not always consistent and it assists to have a reference guide.
The following is the state Eco-friendly Man T-shirts Guide to understanding t-t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of way of measuring that defines the fineness of natural cotton thread. A standard spool of solitary-ply natural cotton line is composed of 840 back yards of cotton thread. If this takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the line on those spools is referred to as 20s natural cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools consider one pound, then this thread on those spools is called 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. When it requires 40 spools to consider one pound, then this line on those spools is called 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher amount means a finer thread, and therefore a finer, softer material is created. T-shirts made of 30s and forties are softer, finer, and also have much better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are employed different ways, but it’s the amount that matters; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be twisted with each other into heavier strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted with each other, it might be called 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon created from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-created artificial materials, most experts concur it is actually readily biodegradable. Bamboo material is very soft and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding plant, classified as a lawn, which can be easily processed into rayon to help make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Clean: An activity which uses chlorine bleach to soften and stress the appearance of the fabric being cleaned.
Fishing boat Neck: A really broad neckline that runs over the collarbone area to the shoulder joint points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the broad neck empowered quick removing in the event the sailor fell over the top.
Child Beater: Women’s fashion response to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, though it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from natural cotton material. Brushed cotton generally features a really soft, smooth complete.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or some other powerful acidity to “burn-out” elements of a material knit, normally a polyester/cotton blend. The process provides a see-via, very pure effect.
Cover Sleeves: Generally describes shorter sleeves on women’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical substance composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as the “greenhouse” gas due to the relationship with climate change. A couple of t-t-shirt manufacturers are now calculating and recording the CO2 emissions associated with manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon dioxide Have confidence in: Independent organization established in 2001 in Great Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon dioxide Trust works together with businesses to help reduce their carbon footprint, and today certifies businesses and merchandise as having a “reduced carbon dioxide” or “no carbon dioxide” footprint. A few t-shirt businesses now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that removes brief materials and removes dirt and international matter. Carding can be carried out by hand or by big machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not really as appealing as combed natural cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another term for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a soft really feel along with a vintage appear, for the way the clean is carried out.
Cellulose: Derived from the cellular walls of certain plants. Valuable in making certain types of materials, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is in fact rayon produced from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Natural cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts created using carded natural cotton, using 18/1 line, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and possess bad drapability. Utilized often as inexpensive marketing give-aways.
Environment Neutral: An expression employed to explain a company, procedure, or item that has zero influence on the Earth’s environment. Several t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as environment neutral.
Carbon dioxide: Co2. A chemical substance substance composed of two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The capacity of any garment to resist several washings without losing its colour.
Combed Natural cotton: A technique to get rid of short fibers as well as organize longer fibers parallel to make a smooth, fine natural cotton yarn. Combed natural cotton has higher strength, outstanding consistency, and much better hand. Combed natural cotton expenses more and it is found in better t-shirts.
Compacting: An activity that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Sewing: Stitching using a different colour than the garment. Gives a great style detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A worldwide business which offers certification solutions for a variety of programs–including many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Fabric Regular).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly stretchy fabric with a sleek flat face along with a more textured but consistent back. Typical bodyweight for each yard is approximately 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are made from natural cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally easier and it has a lighter in weight for each yard.
Natural cotton: An organic fiber which is the most popular on earth for fabrics. Natural cotton materials are usually ½ to 2 in . long. Longer fibers create better natural cotton material. Types like Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 in ., are definitely more extremely valued than regular types.
Crew Neck: A circular close-fitted neck line. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A t-shirt with a short entire body to it; designed to reveal the midriff area.
Dual-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and identifies a parallel row of sewing. This type of stitching gives sturdiness as well as a cleaner, more completed appear.
Drape, Drapability: Describes just how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, whilst a coarse fabric like burlap has hardly any. T-shirts who have great drape qualities feel nicer to use.
Drop Tail: A outfit that features a longer back than front.
Eco-Pleasant: Extremely loose phrase that describes a product’s “greenness.” Almost worthless in logically evaluating a product. Favorite expression used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Natural cotton produced in Egypt and highly valued because of its long duration of fiber. Apparel made out of true Egyptian natural cotton is valued for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Proper rights Base: A registered charitable organization recognized in 2000 to assist who suffer most from environmental abuses like pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil devastation. Especially active in curbing abuses in cotton harvesting.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process using unique digestive enzymes to make a soft finish and sleek check out a fabric. Ages dyes to create a unique look to dyed materials. Enzyme cleaning is actually less severe in the material when compared with stone cleaning.
Western Reduce: A design of t-shirt that is certainly narrower than one normally finds. As an example, a full cut men’s t-t-shirt, dimension large, generally operates 22 inches over the chest area (measured one ” beneath the sleeve). A men’s big European reduce will operate about half an ” to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Material Dyed: Fabric dyed before becoming reduce and stitched right into a finished piece of clothing.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit business committed to finishing sweatshop problems in production facilities worldwide. Activly works to develop Code of Work Methods, particularly crucial in the clothing business where working problems have historically been so bad.
Fair Put on Foundation: A global group committed to improving outfit workers’ lifestyles all over the world. Works with firms that create clothes as well as other sewn items and that be responsible for his or her supply chain.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly elastic fabric with a sleek flat face along with a much more textured but uniform back. Fine natural cotton jersey is usually smoother and it has a lighter in weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with fine cotton jersey possess a much better drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Usually created using 30s and better cotton line, and weighs about 4.3 oz per square yard.
Fitted Reduce: Meanings differ, but typically a installed cut describes a cut that flatters our bodies. Utilized frequently in women’s t-shirts, the middle section of the t-shirt is going to be firmer compared to top or base. Overall, the shirts operate narrower than a basic full reduce.
Full Reduce: A generous, spacious cut. In t-shirts, tubular designs are usually considered full-cut, but you can find exceptions. Full Cut differs from the slimmer Western Cuts, Thin Cuts, and Installed Cuts.
Outfit Dyed: Clothes dyed once it has been reduce and sewn into a completed post of clothes.
Garment Washed: A process in which finished posts of clothing are cleaned, usually with added softeners to enhance the feel and search in the material.
GMO Free: GMO is short for Genetically Altered Microorganisms. First utilized in the 1990s when consumers grew to become worried about genetically altered meals. A lot of companies now apply the GMO totally free tag on from meals to natural materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Means Worldwide Natural Textile Regular. A task in the Worldwide Operating Team. They may have developed specifications to ensure natural standing of textiles, from your harvesting, production, and marking, in order to supply a reliable assurance to the finish consumer. An organic t-t-shirt that suits the standards can be GOTS licensed.
Green: Common term used by marketing and advertising gurus to advertise items. An additional preferred phrase of “green-washers,” who are jumping in the environmental band wagon without the genuine dedication.
Eco-friendly-Cleaning: Remove in the phrase “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Businesses that eco-friendly-wash are paying lip-company to environmental concerns to bring in much more business, but haven’t taken any genuine steps to become environmentally responsible.
Hand: Just how a material feels to touch. A fabric that seems smooth and sleek is regarded as to get a good hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Marijuana sativa, has been used for material for thousands of years, mainly being an industrial material. More recent handling techniques make it appropriate for better clothing, and now it really is utilized in numerous clothing articles, such as t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and durability.
Henley T-T-shirt: Comparable to a collarless polo t-shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 control keys (occasionally up to 5 control keys are used, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Clean: A way of stone cleaning in which the stones are first drenched in a solution of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit which is very soft and contains an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, much more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less elastic than rib knit. Found in really fine garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is regarded as the durable of knits. It really is light bodyweight, and has fine straight ribs. The Jersey knit was named right after the British Tropical island within the English Channel. Fine natural cotton Jersey describes Jersey Knit made with fine natural cotton threads like 30s and forties.
Knit: Describes just how the interlocking loops of yarn that comprise material were made. There are lots of kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is easily the most durable of knits. It is light bodyweight, and contains fine straight ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs running down the fabric, whilst interlock knits are employed in very fine materials. T-shirt collars are generally rib knit.
Muscle T-shirt: Sleeveless design t-t-shirt, however, not exactly a tank top. Basic t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder band portion is significantly wider than a typical tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A slim strip of material stitched on the seam running across the shoulder area and neck area. It covers the seam and appears a lot better than an uncovered stitch. Also known as “shoulder joint to shoulder joint taped.”
OekoTek 100: Accreditation from your Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Connection, which guarantees consumers that this apparel they buy is natural and chemical free and presents no risk with their health. Beneath the Oeko-Tex regular, clothing should be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other harmful chemical substances.
Organic Clothing: A term really loosely used inside the garment industry. It can mean anything from completely organic to as little as 6Percent natural. Often along with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Eco-friendly, and so forth. Consumers must check the tags and verify materials utilized to find out if something is definitely organic or otherwise not.
Organic Natural cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticide sprays. Licensed natural cotton has been examined to guarantee it truly is organic.
Organic Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a small group of farm owners, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between harvesting methods and plant, pet, human being, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Association pioneered the very first organic specifications in 1967, and certifies farms and firms that meet those specifications.
Overdyed: A procedure in which previously dyed clothes or materials are dyed having an extra colour to produce a unique appear.
Overall performance T: Name for t-shirts produced for sports athletes and outside fanatics. Overall performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, dampness wicking, fast drying out, and odor control abilities. Numerous overall performance Ts are polyester/natural cotton mixes, or can additionally be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have grown to be known as overall performance t-shirts, although they tend not to dried out as fast as performance t-shirts made from completely polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Marketed this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to produce their own look with chemical dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A form of coloring that produces a cleaned out, distressed appear.
Pima Cotton: A natural cotton developed in the U.S. in the early 1900s to contend with Egyptian natural cotton. It functions longer materials and is used frequently in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima originates from the Pima Indians, who helped with all the first plants from the new natural cotton as it was first developed within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that produces a waffle-kind, fine textured surface area. Used frequently in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber produced from synthetic polymers. Used broadly in clothing, especially combined with natural cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Means the process of pre-diminishing material before it really is cut and sewn. Occasionally it refers to a genuine completed garment which has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will nevertheless shrink a bit, however, especially if dried employing a clothing clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Kind of t-t-shirt featuring sleeves running straight to the collar. Usually sleeves really are a contrasting colour from your entire body. Raglan sleeves are broader under the arms, and are desirable to users who desire maximum independence of motion. Baseball t-shirts usually come with a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that uses herb cellulose as the primary ingredient. Rayon is extremely soft, has excellent drape, and is very absorbent. Initially developed as being a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Seen as a weighty vertical ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are generally considered 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This enables you to know the size in the rib when compared to the space among. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or perhaps a 2×2 rib knit means the space between each rib is identical size as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit indicates the ribs are twice as wide because the areas between. Rib knit is very elastic and is often utilized for t-t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton materials. The constant spinning produces a much softer really feel and more powerful yarn. Diamond ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and coordinating crew throat. Most ringers are white, with all the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colours.
Fine sand Clean: Refers to utilizing fine sand while cleaning a outfit or material to soften and distress it.
Silk Cleaned: An additional term for silicon washed, which produces a very sleek and smooth finish to fabric, and in addition affords the material great draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Wide, gently curved neck line that differs in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Really light bodyweight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 oz per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder joint to Shoulder Adhesive tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn on the seam running over the shoulder area and throat area. It addresses the seam and appears a lot better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Generally describes natural cotton apparel and the quantity it can be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can be expected.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts having a seam operating down each and every side beneath the arm sleeves for the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.
Silicone Cleaned: Describes using inert silicone inside a cleaning process. Produces a very smooth and soft finish to material, and in addition gives the material great draping properties.
Singlet: an additional term to get a men’s tank top.
Thin Reduce: A design of t-t-shirt that is narrower compared to what one usually finds. As an example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, size big, usually operates 22 in . across the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A thin cut will operate about half an ” to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Stonewashed: A cleaning process that utilizes lava stones or occasionally silicon and rubberized balls. This process makes fabric softer and provides it an older or distressed appear. Occasionally bleach can be used within this process.
Tank Top: T-T-shirt characterized by thin shoulder bands without any sleeves. The name originated from the early term for pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “adhesive tape,” but a slim strip of fabric stitched over the seam running over the shoulder area and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks much better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Style:A style which has no side seams; the body from the t-t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to produce, and constitute the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard description are available for a unisex t-t-shirt, but in most cases a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter in weight, fine cotton jersey, side seamed, and not cut as full as a normal men’s t-t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not extra short, like cap sleeves, but they are not complete elbow measures either. Our bodies duration is usually method/long. However, you can find broad variants in unisex t-shirts, dependant upon the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that became independent in 1991 and it is notorious for its natural cotton production methods, which include compelled kid labor and ecologically destructive practices. Moral apparel businesses boycott Uzbekistan natural cotton; nevertheless, many companies don’t treatment and have declined to join inside the boycott simply because Uzbekistan natural cotton is inexpensive.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, based on the style. Generally popular with women, but a shallow style v-neck is preferred among men.
Viscose: Typically an additional term for rayon, like viscose rayon.
Bodyweight: Usually expressed ounces for each square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton material means that one square yard will consider 5.5 oz. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter in weight weights, whilst coarser natural cotton xeprdh have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory term for any men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually identifies a simple white tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn which is dyed before it is weaved in to a material.